Construction along the Kama-Tobol Waterway in 1912. More specifically, this photo was taken downriver in Lalutorovsky (present-day Tyumen Oblast) by prominent Russian photographer, Prokudin-Gorskii, who specialized in a color photography process to accurately depict Russia in the early 20th Century. The town of Lalutorovsky developed gradually as it originated as a place of political exile, serving as a dividing territory between Siberia and the Urals. Since Lalutorovsky was bordering Siberia, it was far enough away from ‘civilization’ in order to send criminals, civilians involved in uprisings, and as a place of punishment to political figures.
The Kama-Tobol Waterway changed the town immensely. Development became rapid as the steamboat service stretched to Lalutorovsky. The Kama river is one of the most important and widely used rivers in Russia, and played a major role in linking the eastern part of Russia with Siberia and her neighboring regions. Once construction began on the Kama-Tobol Waterway, outcasts and jobless civilian men were given new opportunities to work and earn a living.
Along with the waterway connecting the Far East territory to the heart of Russia were railways. In 1912, part of the Trans-Siberian Railway reached Lalutorovsky from Tyumen, which furthered the exponential growth of the once dreary town. Construction began as industrialization of Russia was in full force and during the last months of the expected completion dates for the entire railway. Opening up routes from eastern Russia to Siberia allowed better access for industrialization, settlement, and exploration of the land.
During the early 1900s while Lalutorovsky was being established and expanding, the Russian Empire experienced great changes. Since the emancipation of the serfs in 1861, the nobility and the newly freed serfs experienced new opportunities and more responsibilities. Nicholas II encouraged the expansion of the railway system throughout Russia, which opened up thousands of factory jobs in the industrial sector of Russia.
The early 1900s proved to be an important time of increased communication and growth throughout the rest of the world as well. Radio signals, the Wright Brothers’ flight, and silent movies are just a few of the ways the world industrialized in this period.